“The twisting of the conductors is carried out in order to increase the degree of connection between the conductors of one pair (electromagnetic interference equally affects both wires of the pair) and the subsequent reduction of electromagnetic interference from external sources, as well as mutual interference during transmission of differential…

The term inference in Karl Friston’s theory means the derivation of an unknown cause from a known consequence. According to Friston, living beings guess about the cause hidden from them (by the Markov blanket), based on the outcome, which surprises them — precisely by the absence of an obvious cause.

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A mathematical model of just one neuron can predict earthquake aftershocks using only two parameters and logistic regression (the same one used in the Lotka-Volterra system of equations) with the same or higher accuracy as a deep neural network of six hidden layers of 50 neurons in each, processing over…

The simplest mathematical model of a neural network can generate the dynamics of both quantum and classical processes. Thus, the hypothesis that the universe is a neural network can become a unifying theory of everything. Some people call it God’s Algorithm. This is the essence of Vitaly Vanchurin’s hypothesis.

If…

Sea angels are snails that have learned to fly. The shell falls off in infancy, and the angel flaps its former crawling leg like a butterfly flaps its wings to soar in the water column or rush for prey.

Pablo Varona, a colleague of Mikhail Rabinovich in the development of…

Shrinking Brain, Hippocampus, Cognitive Maps and Objective Reality

It is impossible to find a reliable source of accurate information in the information jungle. The number of sources grows exponentially. Their reliability decreases at approximately the same speed. …

About three million years ago the brains of some hominid species began to gain volume much faster than the brains of all mammals including other primates. …

The natural method of learning was discovered at the end of the nineteenth century. Since then it has been rediscovered many times yet it never attracted the interest of mainstream science. It performs computations with “topological constructive objects” instead of numbers. Therefore, it’s hard to embrace it as technology. Yet…

Claude Levi-Strauss, a French social anthropologist often known as “the father of modern anthropology”, in his book The Savage Mind describes in great detail the ways how savage tribes meticulously classify the world around them. …

“What, then, does the child think as he makes these discoveries? First of all, he wonders. This feeling of wonderment is the source and inexhaustible fountain-head of his desire for knowledge. It drives the child irresistibly on to solve the mystery, and if in his attempt he encounters a causal…